Types of Penguins
Emperor Penguins Conservation
Legal protection for penguins was non- existent until the nineteenth century and not until the early 1900s was it begun in earnest. In 1905 the International Ornithological Congress in London passed a resolution urging the governments of Australia and New Zealand to put an end to destruction of penguins, which were being boiled for their oil. South Georgia penguins were protected from 1909. In the Falkland Islands, where penguins had enjoyed a measure of protection since 1864, all penguins were protected by 1914. In 1919, the Tasmamian government stopped all licenses to exploit penguins on Macquarie Island and it was proclaimed a sanctuary.